Symptoms of Ionizing Radiation
Radiation Exposures Early Health Effects
- Prevent Radiation Poisoning with Potassium Iodide, Iodine
- Following a nuclear accident or event, radioactive iodine is released into the air which can then be breathed in and can also contaminate the local food supply,…
- Radiation and Cancer
Exposure to 1,000 millisieverts is estimated to increase risk of fatal cancer by about 5%
Leukaemia, a bone marrow cancer, is the most common radiation-induced cancer
Others include cancer of lung, skin, thyroid, breast and stomach; can take years to develop
Half of those exposed to between 4,000-5,000 millisieverts die within one month
High Dose Side Effects (most patients perish)
Immediate vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, erythema
Reduced circulating lymphocytes (lymphocytopenia)
Large scale cell destruction, impaired organ function
Swelling, dryness, ulceration of mucous membranes
Painfully difficult breathing and swallowing
Low white blood cell and platelet count
Impaired immune system
Damage to bone-marrow
(no early deaths were noted in the less than 1-2 Gy)
Increase in lung and other cancers
Negative social and psychological effects like the mistrust of politicians and government, especially in the field of nuclear power, public outrage.
Social issues relating to relocation
Extreme anxiety and stress are directly related to the presence of contamination
Stress related symptoms include headaches, depression, sleep disturbance, inability to concentrate, and emotional imbalance.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Findings from Chernobyl (child with swollen legs)
In children, the thyroid cancers are:
– largely papillary and particularly aggressive in nature often self presenting with local invasion and/or distant metastases;- more prevalent in children aged 0 to 5 years at the time of the accident, and in areas assessed to be the more heavily contaminated with 131I;- apparently characterised by a shorter latent period than expected; and
– still increasing for children younger than 5 years in 1986.
Iodine deficiencyand screening, have almost certainly had an influence on observed risk factors can be said that the increase of thyroid cancers in children is clearly established to be linked to exposure of radioactive iodine isotopes releases. The number of these cancers is still increasing in adults.